Diseases of the mouth: canker sores, candidiasis, herpes …
The diseases of the mouth are very numerous and their causes are multiple. Those who reach the lining of the mouth (gums and membranes that line the mouth at the lips, cheeks, tongue …) are diseases whose emergence and development are conditioned by the presence of local factors and general .
Often dental origin, they are mainly responsible gingivitis. They are:
- Poor oral hygiene;
- Prosthesis (crowns, removable machine …) and dental restorations (amalgam and / or composite old or overflowing) inadequate.
But other factors may be responsible:
- Mouth breathing;
- Intolerance of certain materials;
The general factors
They are also responsible for some gingivitis and / or periodontitis but especially stomatitis such as canker sores, herpes, chicken pox, thrush.
- Infections (viral, bacterial, candidiasis);
- Taking certain medications (antibiotics, some anti-inflammatories);
- Of malnutrition (vitamin B, K, C);
- Physiological changes of the general statement (the premenstrual period, pregnancy, puberty).
Infectious diseases of the mouth
They can be viral, bacterial or mycotic.
a. Viral diseases:
Diseases such as measles, rubella, or infectious mononucleosis mumps can be characterized by the presence in the mouth of small lesions very discreet which often go unnoticed.
Others such as canker sores, herpes, chicken pox and shingles lesions lead to more visible, sometimes painful for some and thus more debilitating for the individual.
These are small painful ulcers preferably sitting on the lips, gums, cheek (inside), language.
Even if their causes are still unknown, their appearance is often simultaneous with the taking of certain foods (nuts, raisins, almonds …) or the occurrence of certain digestive disorders or linked to events such as physiological pregnancy or menstrual cycle.
When these lesions are very painful, the dentist may need to use or prescribe the application of an anesthetic contact (gel or cream), even when those injuries are disabling (embarrassing speech and / or food ), To cauterize with an acid.
If such lesions superinfection, the dentist will have to prescribe local antiseptics (mouth) and antibiotics.
It is a disease as widespread as many viral diseases, herpes is contagious. In France, 10 million people are carriers of herpes virus in varying degrees and in various locations.
This virus called Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). There are two types: HSV1 and HSV2.
1. Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) type 1
85% of the time he reached for the first time (primary infection) the patient silently. Then there is'' in reserve ''in the lymph nodes. Indeed, after primary infection, there were symptoms or not, the virus will migrate along the sensory nerve that innerve the territory infected skin to nerve ganglia. He then remain latent for life (or hidden) in this shelter, where it will reactivate regularly, leading to outbreaks of herpes known as "crises" herpes.
Labial herpes (or cold sore):
The ''cold sore'' is the herpes of the face most often. It causes a rash of small blisters, grouped next to each other in variable number, to form a kind of bouquet: the cold sore. But herpes can also affect other parts of the face, including nose, chin or cheeks and a more severe eyes.
The gingivostomatitis herpetic stomatitis:
It primarily children. The virus affects the inside of the cheeks and lips, gums and tongue. The lesions are painful, preventing child feeding and fever accompanied by a large, strong salivation and a fetid breath. Glands in the neck are present.
The herpes virus can also affect the esophagus. The person then complained of difficulty in eating, chest pain, weight loss and a high temperature.
In this case, the nose is blocked, the vesicles are present around the nostrils. There is also a fever and lymph nodes in the neck.
The reappearance of the virus is HSV1 as a result of physical or psychological trauma:
- Dental infection;
- Strong emotion;
- Exposure to the sun.
Individuals who are often achieved, know the warning signs of the emergence of this cold sore (burning sensation local) and causes which lead to his appearance. In this case, and just before the appearance of lesions, we can use products such Zovirax ®, Acyclovir ® stop the development of the virus.
But when it has already caused the appearance of the lesion, it is important not to risk contaminating other parts of the mouth. This cold sore decline spontaneously after 10 to 15 days drying.
b. Bacterial diseases:
c. Disease or candidiasis candidiasis:
These are fungal infections. They usually have a whitish and may sit on the cheek, tongue, palate.
In some cases, they have a rather inflammatory and sit in the corners of his lips.
They are most often caused by an imbalance in the oral bacterial flora because of taken some antibiotics, systemic disease immunosuppression (reduced natural immunity), a diabetes or wearing a partial prosthesis complete or inadequate.
It is the elimination of the cause (change of antibiotic, restoration of the prosthesis …) which is associated with the prescription antifungal type.